Types of Heat Pumps

Are you in the market for a new heating unit for your home? An extremely efficient heat pump could be exactly what you need. It’s very common that people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but modern heat pumps models can split your heating costs in half. They also provide cooling in the summertime for year-round comfort from a single system.

If we’ve piqued your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about the many types of heat pumps before you choose what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a unique type of HVAC system that provide heating and cooling. In the summertime, they work similarly to an AC, using electricity to eliminate heat from your home. In the winter, a reversing valve allows the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to heat your home.

In addition to this dual functionality, heat pumps are praised for their amazing efficiency. Because they move heat rather than generate it from a fuel source, heat pumps can achieve more than 300% efficiency. This is compared to a top mark of 98% efficiency for the most efficient available gas-fired furnaces. By buying a heat pump, you’re not just choosing comfort; you’re promoting sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

While heat pumps have many subcategories, each one can be categorized into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most commonly used type of heat pump. HVAC technicians find that setup is typically simple, and these systems perform extremely well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps use the ambient air as a method for heat exchange. In other words, they draw heat from the outside air during the wintertime and pull heat out of your home during the summertime.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is situated close to a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump might be an alternative. These systems leverage water as the means for heat exchange, offering another efficiency boost. While less common than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water access, these are a useful option for homeowners with the right environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you are searching for the single most efficient climate control method offered today, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are worthwhile options. These devices function using the earth’s stable underground temperature to create consistent and very efficient heating and cooling. The drawback to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and price of installation, which often requires excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

Once you identify what heat pump style you would like to install in your home, the next step is to choose the best subtype. Your choices include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you reside in a community with significant temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can provide the best of both worlds. These systems are available in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps switch between these two methods of operation, changing with current weather conditions for optimum efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces depend on the heat pump when there’s relatively mild weather. Then, when temperatures fall drastically, the gas-fired furnace kicks in, cutting down on the use of energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Combining green energy with home heating and cooling is a fantastic way to slash your energy bills and improve the environment. Solar heat pumps function using power made by solar panels, the perfect setup for eco-conscious homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have even more choices for installing your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the traditional setup for the majority of homes with existing ductwork. The interior unit is usually installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the outdoor unit is located on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this setup, all mechanical pieces are placed in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is appropriate for homes or commercial buildings that don’t have much indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also called mini-split systems, are often used in homes and additions where ductwork isn’t present. Every room can have a dedicated indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, supplying targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These compact units are best suited for small spaces or to meet temporary needs. While less efficient than other options, they have the benefit of quick and simple installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If you want to to install a heat pump, choose the certified team at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can trust we’ll deliver a job well done every time. Our skilled specialists will ensure your heat pump system is modified to your needs, from installation to scheduled maintenance to occasional repairs.

Prepared to experience home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!

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